Find out what they know about more distant relatives.
Ask how second cousins are related to you, for example. Getting a 'feel' for the network of family relationships will help you when you are drawing up your family tree. Ask especially about personal names and place names, places and dates of births, deaths and marriages, occupations, sporting achievements and military service.
Don't trust your memory, record any information given to you as soon as possible after getting it. After consulting with family and friends, see if you can find any documentary evidence about the family in old family bibles, albums of photographs or scrapbooks. Take a look in the graveyards where your deceased relatives are buried to discover any gravestone inscriptions. All possible sources of information available to you should be investigated.
You never know when a seemingly irrelevant piece of information could turn out to be an important clue to a family relationship. A number of Irish surnames are very common. Fairly obvious examples are Murphy, Kelly and O'Sullivan.
Follow the Irish Examiner
Imagine trying to find records concerning a Julia O'Sullivan if all you know about her is that she came from West Cork! Once you have your preliminary research done your next step should be to visit the Local Studies Department. Staff in the department will be able to advise you on which sources you should consult next based on the information you have gathered already.
They will also be able to tell you what sources are available in the library itself and in other local repositories. Always remember the golden rule in genealogy: Work back from what you know to try to establish links between persons named in the various sources you have consulted. Do not guess that a connection exists between your family and a name you have discovered if you cannot establish a definite link. An example will help clarify this point. Suppose you know that one of your great-great grandfathers was Patrick Murphy who worked as a baker somewhere in North Cork.
If you then find a baker named Patrick Murphy listed in a directory for the middle of the 19 th century who was a baker in Kanturk, you should not assume that he was your great-great grandfather. Of course he MAY have been but you need to find documentary evidence proving the link. If you follow the golden rule you will not waste time running up blind alleys. By this stage you should be ready to consult the main sources of genealogical information.
These are: parish records of baptisms and marriages, civil records of births, marriages and deaths and census records.
Let's take a look at each of these in turn. Parish records of baptisms and marriages will usually be the oldest records available to you. Most Catholic parish records date from the early decades of the nineteenth century; some of the records from urban areas are earlier than this and some records from rural parishes are later. The parish records of the Church of Ireland are usually older than Catholic records and may also have records of burials.
Unfortunately many of the parish records of the Church of Ireland were lost in the fire in the Four Courts in It is almost essential to know the parish or parishes your ancestor s came from. The old medieval Catholic parishes were retained by the Church of Ireland after the Reformation in Ireland. They were used subsequently as units of civil administration by the state and local governing bodies. So knowing which parish your ancestor came from is often the key to both church and civil records.
Fascinating insight into life in 1940s rural Cork
You should note that the boundaries of Catholic parishes and Church of Ireland parishes that have the same names are not always identical. Civil parishes are usually identical with Church of Ireland parishes. The staff in the Local Studies Department will be able to help you find the parish you are looking for whether you know the name of the Catholic, Church of Ireland or civil parish. After a short time you will be familiar with this yourself. The Local Studies Department does not have copies of parish registers. Many of the parish registers for the diocese of Cloyne have been indexed and the indexes are held by the Mallow Parish Centre.
Staff at the centre will search the indexes for you on payment of a fee. Some of the parish records for Cork city have been indexed by the Cork Ancestral Project; the work is ongoing and members of staff at the project do not accept queries from the public at the moment. All births, marriages and deaths in Ireland have been recorded by the state since 1 January Non-Catholic marriages have been recorded by the state since The General Register Office in Dublin has copies of birth, marriage and death registers for all of Ireland, excepting the six counties of Northern Ireland.
The names and addresses of the other locations in Cork which hold registers of births, marriages and deaths will be found in the list of useful addresses at the end of this section. The earliest surviving census returns for Ireland date from Both the and census returns are open to the public in the National Archives in Dublin. You will be able to see microfilm copies of the census at Cork County Library and microfilm copies of the census in the Local Studies Department of Cork City Library.
You will need to know the address or the name or number of the district electoral division where your ancestors lived. There is no surname index available to the census returns. It is most unfortunate that almost all the census returns before were destroyed.
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Some of them were destroyed in the fire in the Four Courts in and some were destroyed earlier on the orders of the government. While the three sources listed above are the principal genealogical sources for the researcher, there are a number of other sources which are useful. You will find a brief note on each of them below.
Griffith's Valuation more formally The Primary Valuation of Tenements was a systematic valuation of all property in Ireland. It was carried out between and and takes its popular name from Richard Griffith, the director of the valuation. The valuation for County Cork was done mostly between and Its main purpose was to value property to form the basis for various types of taxation. If the census returns for and survived it is doubtful that you would need to consult it.
In the absence of these returns it has become a substitute for the missing census records, although it is a very poor one.
The Cork Memory Map Collection ·
The information given in the valuation is: Townland name street name in urban areas , valuation map number, local number, householder's name, landlord's name under the heading 'immediate lessor' , a brief description of the property, the area of the property in units of acres, roods and perches and the rateable value of the property.
It is arranged by county, barony, civil parish and townland. The valuation and a number of indexes to it are available in the Local Studies Department.
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Most of the valuation for Cork is available in published volumes. The valuation for the entire country is on microfiche. She went to school in South Presentation. She recalls…. Jim b. Then the family moved to Paddock House, Fairhill. The house was at the top of Washbrew Lane, and came…. She talks about the family nature of the business.
She feels that Cork Corporation has…. Breda b. The houses were built new in the s. They lived with a relative who told her and her brother scary stories. She went to the North Presentation Convent school. She talks briefly about…. His parents were both from Blarney Street, where he was raised. His father was a bacon butcher. He talks about his childhood. Children were always on the lookout for any opportunity to make a penny, such as cow-herding….
Pat describes what activities he would have taken part in as a child in these locations. He talks briefly about the pub trade. The Holy Hour was observed within the city limits a break…. Eileen Jones: Blackpool, Shawlies, Sunbeam,. Eileen Jones b. Her mother was born in There was…. Pat Saville was born in He had a twin brother, Charlie, and an older brother, Ray. He moved from England with his family when he was 4 years old. His father died when he was He describes the shops and…. He has 4 siblings. He recalls the shops and businesses on the street. Mary Marshall: Blackpool, Childhood, Hunting,.
A SHORT GUIDE TO TRACING YOUR FAMILY HISTORY
Mary grew up in Thomas Davis Street, Blackpool. Both her parents were from Blackpool. Her mother liked to use Grand Parade library, and her father was an avid reader who told stories from Greek mythology.
At the time the area bounded onto the…. He came from a family of His mother was from Watercourse Road, his father from Narrow….
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